学习规划

申请试听

在线咨询

免费通话
活动抢先看
24小时热点话题
热报班级
适合人群:四级已过
适合人群:初/高中生
适合人群:大学四级已过
适合人群:大三/四
您所在的位置:济南市朗阁外语培训学校 > 托福口语培训 > 现象+举例 解读新托福口语Task6
现象+举例 解读新托福口语Task6
新闻文章排行榜>> 丨2014-07-17 作者:济南朗阁 点击数:

核心提示:应对托福口语,找准正确方法。专业铸就高分学员, 朗阁托福 ,专业托福培训,圆你高分梦想! 新托福口语考试的最后一关task 6中,我们唯一所能依靠的听力材料是学术性较强的一篇lecture, 少了阅读材料的辅助,更加深了同学们对讲座内容以及对讲座(monologue

         应对托福口语,找准正确方法。专业铸就高分学员,朗阁托福,专业托福培训,圆你高分梦想!

新托福口语考试的最后一关task 6中,我们唯一所能依靠的听力材料是学术性较强的一篇lecture, 少了阅读材料的辅助,更加深了同学们对讲座内容以及对讲座(monologue)形式的恐惧感,很多刚刚接触新托福的同学甚至对这一部分多少抱有听天由命的想法。其实,随着大家对task 6题目深入的了解,就会发现,这一部分所出现的lecture虽然内容保罗万象,但是大部分都是按照一种套路进行的,也就是:提出一种现象+举例的模式。

 

了解了讲座的常见模式,也就意味着我们在考试时短时间内组织语言也可以有一套一模一样的简洁公式了,也就是topic sentence + example的形式,在本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心口语组的专家将通过探讨一些常考的不同类型的task 6真题,使同学们对这一部分的答题模式更加熟悉以助同学们备考。

 

心理学

真题回顾

【讲课要点】:心理学中的reinforcement, 分为positive reinforcement和negative reinforcement两种,即增加能够激发个人兴趣的东西和消除自己不喜欢的东西。

【举例说明】:

  1. positive(add the pleasure):早起奖励自己好的food, 这样就可以让你喜欢早起这种behavior。
  2. negative(remove the unpleasant behavior),不喜欢早上shower, 那么可以改在晚上,这样人也就不会那么讨厌早起了。

 

参考范例:

The lecture tells about two main methods which can be used to reinforce people. It states that reinforcement of behavior means that people strengthen certain acts on purpose by using the positive or negative stimulus. Then the professor shows some examples. Let’s suppose that you hate to get up early, but sometimes you have to do so. Then you could choose to encourage yourself to get up early by using either a positive or a negative reinforcement. The positive one is to add the pleasure to your daily life to help you make the decision easier. For example, you can reward yourself with a very nice breakfast if you get up early. A negative one is to remove the unpleasant behavior off your daily routine. For example, If you do not enjoy taking a shower early in the morning, you can take it in the evening instead. Therefore, when you have to get up early in the morning, you might feel better because you have cut things you don’t like out of your morning schedule.

在这道Task6的讲座中,professor通过列举两个实现早起上班的例子来说明reinforcement这种现象。心理学方面的问题在Task 6当中出现的比例还是比较高的,接下来我们再来看一个心理学的例子。

 

真题回顾

【讲课要点】:心理学中的奖励机制reward。说奖励机制有两种效果。

【举例说明】:

  1. 正的。第一种让这种行为更多的发生。她的女儿Jenny, 不爱收拾屋子,他们就给她钱,这本来是她不愿意做的事情,但慢慢地就自觉自愿地多做了。
  2. 反的。第二种导致行为发生少了。又是Jenny, 喜欢弹钢琴,他们就奖励她,但是弹得少了,因为觉得弹钢琴变成了一种义务chore, 就像收拾屋子。T

 

参考范例:

In the lecture the professor tells about the rewarding strategy in Psychology. He states that reward can influence people’s behavior in two ways: positively and negatively. Then the professor goes on to further explain that by taking her daughter — Jenny for an example. Jenny doesn’t like cleaning up the room, so he gives her money to encourage her to do that. And gradually, she likes the work and does it more oftenwhich is the positive effect that rewarding has. But on the other hand, something that a person likes to do may become the daily chores because of the rewarding system. For example, Jenny likes to play the pianobut when her parents give her a reward, she, on the contrary, plays less often ‘cause she thinks playing the piano, just like cleaning the house, is a kind of chorethat is negative effects that rewarding has.

 

生物学

真题回顾:

【讲课要点】:生物学理论:plant invasion. 一种新树到新的ecosystem中会destroy the ecosystem。

【举例说明】:

  1. 一种树,本来是来解决问题的,问题是解决了,但是造成了新问题:来了后,长得太高了,导致其他树晒不到阳光了。
  2. 一种树,非常attractive, 但是use lots of water, other trees can not survive。.

 

参考范例:

The lecture tells us that plants can be totally harmless most of the time. But when inappropriately brought into an environment, plants can also cause disasters by breaking ecological balance in local areas, which is biologically identified as plant invasion. Then the professor goes on to explain that by giving two examples. One is that a tree was introduced into South Africa for the purpose of stabilizing the local sand dunes. The tree fulfilled its task very successfully, but the bad news is that the tree grew so tall that they left very little sunlight for their neighboring plants. Threatened by this intruder, many plants started to lose their former territory. Another example is about a tree which was brought into Western United States for its good appearance. It seems not so large, but it has very developed root system, so it absorbed twice the water as other plants of similar size. Also, it reproduced very fast. With its rapid growing, many other local plants gradually died out because of lack of essential water resource.

在这场关于生物学的讲座中,professor通过以两种不同特点的树为例,解释了生物学理论:plant invasion。

 

科技类

真题回顾:

【讲课要点】:科技课。讲了发明创造的两种出现方式:

【举例说明】:

  1. 有意出现:双焦眼镜(bifocal glasses)
  2. 无意出现:X-rays

 

参考范例:

In the lecture, the professor tells about the new technology’s coming up and changing in our daily life. He explains that there are two ways in which those inventions and innovations happen: intentionally and accidentally. Then he takes bifocal glasses for example to illustrate intentional discoveries. Before the bifocal glasses were invented, people had to carry two pairs of glasses wherever they went. One was for seeing things far away, and the other for closer views. Therefore when bifocal glasses were invented, they immediately became popular among many people because of the great convenience provided. He goes on to give another example of accidental innovation. When people first encountered X-ray in the lab, the scientists had no idea of what this finding meant, or where to put this discovery into application.

在这道科技类的题目中,professor在讲座中,列举了bifocal glasses和X-rays来诠释科技发明的两种出现形式:intentionally and accidentally。

 

通过以上的一些热门的新托福口语真题范例,同学们应该可以清楚地看到,现象+举例式讲座在考试中所占的高比例,所以朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师建议考生们在练习Task6的题目时,多注意积累举例说明的句型框架,以方便应付各式此类的问题。

 

 

 

课程在线咨询》》

雅思,新托福,SAT,(基础英语能力)新概念课程同期上线!

高分热线 0531-86030111 86030222

中心校址:济南市历山路173号历山名郡B座北204(历下大润发南行168米路西)

 

朗阁只为高分梦想:

专业培训:雅思 / 新托福 /SAT / GRE / 新概念 / 口语 / 一对一 / 团体培训

——更多朗阁精彩内容,点击以下链接即可进入——

 

济南朗阁官方网站(了解雅思、新托福考试最新动态):http://jinan.longre.com

朗阁雅思网站(雅思新托福考试预测、海量真题免费下载):http://www.jnlongre.com

朗阁托福网站(雅思新托福考试预测、海量真题免费下载):http://www.toefl365.com

欧风网站(了解最新的欧洲留学动态,最好的小语钟学习条件):http://www.jnopfun.com

雅思、新托福在线测试:点击测试 http://jinan.longre.com/diy/diyTest.aspx

朗阁只为高分梦想!!! 朗阁新浪微博: http://weibo.com/jnlongre

朗阁只为高分梦想!!! 朗阁腾讯微博: http://t.qq.com/jnlongre

看过这篇文章的人还看过
预约名师免费试听
姓名
手机
试听课程
名师
邮箱
预约日期
济南朗阁中嘉外语培训学校:
济南市历下区历山路173-1号历山名郡C3-304
周边公交路线:
48路,79路,18路;75路;103路;110路;123路;k94路等多路公交车... [详细]

朗阁教育集团由“雅思二十年二十人”刘常研先生创立,于1999年正式落成,总部位于上海,是中国最大的雅思、新托福培训基地之一。目前在全国30个城市拥有至少50个校区,形成完善的全国教学服务网络……

权威的培训网站
鲁ICP备11020918号-1 版权所有:青岛朗阁中嘉外语培训学校
中心地址:青岛市南区闽江路2号国华大厦B座29层
高分热线:400-0987-918 或 0532-80869981