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您所在的位置:济南市朗阁外语培训学校 > 托福阅读培训 > 托福阅读之细读锻炼
托福阅读之细读锻炼
新闻文章排行榜>> 丨2018-06-22 作者:济南朗阁 点击数:

核心提示: 在阅读当中,精读和泛读都是非常重要的。很多同学做了很多TPO,但是并没有及时的总结和精读。如果只是一味刷题,而不回头看都存在哪些问题,也不知道自己的问题究竟在哪,那读十篇文章,还不如读一篇文章十遍。

   下文是小编帮助大家整理的“托福阅读之细读锻炼”,希望同学们在日常学习中更加扎实稳固,考试取得优异的成绩。内容仅供参考。

托福阅读之细读锻炼

    托福阅读托福考试的第一个单项。相对于听力口语来说,对中国学生来说也是相对容易拿到高分的项目。但是是否你还徘徊在二十几分无法前进呢?今天我们就来聊聊如何通过精读文章来提高阅读的功底和分数。

  在阅读当中,精读和泛读都是非常重要的。很多同学做了很多TPO,但是并没有及时的总结和精读。如果只是一味刷题,而不回头看都存在哪些问题,也不知道自己的问题究竟在哪,那读十篇文章,还不如读一篇文章十遍。那么,在托福考试中,应该如何精读呢?这里跟大家分享下精读的要点:

  1、词:专门总结、整理出你文章中不认识的单词并记忆;我们天津新东方也配备了按照 tpo 文章总结的词汇书供大家使用。

  2、句:用word文档或者是软件整理出文章中读不懂的句子,这是长难句的理解,提高你阅读速度很重要的一点;也可由授课老师指定长难句材料作为练习内容。

  3、段:概括出这个段落大意。对于阅读,这是基本的能力素养;对于考试,这是做对多选题有很大的提示作用。

  4、正确选项:分析正确选项为什么对,你要想明白,在原文中画出答案的依据,在比较选项,体会ETS是如何改写原文的;

  5、错误选项:分析错误选项为什么错,你要想明白,并在word文档中标注选项错误的地方。

  知其然,知其所以然,知其所以不然。

  精读范例:如何分析正确选项和错误选项

  Paragraph 4: It seems likely that Teotihuacán’snatural resources, along with the city elite’s ability to recognize theirpotential, gave the city a competitive edge over its neighbors. Thevalley, like many other places in Mexican and Guatemalan highlands, was rich inobsidian. The hard volcanic stone was a resource that had been in great demandfor many years, at least since the rise of the Olmecs (a people who flourishedbetween 1200 and 400 B.C.), and it apparently had a secure market. Moreover,recent research on obsidian tools found at Olmec sites has shown that some ofthe obsidian obtained by the Olmecs originated near Teotihuacán. Teotihuacánobsidian must have been recognized as a valuable commodity for many centuriesbefore the great city arose.

  9. Which of thefollowing allowed Teotihuacán to have “a competitive edge over its neighbors”?

  ○A well-exploited and readily available commodity.

  ○ The presence of a highlystable elite class.

  ○ Knowledge deriveddirectly from the Olmecs about the art of tool making.

  ○ Scarce naturalresources in nearby areas such as those located in what are now the Guatemalanand Mexican highlands.

  给你一分钟的时间,你选择哪个选项呢?

  这道题不知同学们是否做过?首先理解A选项和原文是同义改写,再分析错误选项为什么错。这个题的正确选项就非常的隐晦,我们知道ETS要考原文某句话,很少照抄这句话。

  原文:Teotihuacán’s natural resources,along with the city elite’s ability to recognize their potential.

  答案:A well-exploited and readilyavailable commodity.

  A well-exploited对应于the city elite’s ability torecognize their potential.

  readily available对应于natural resources以及第二句解释的was rich in obsidian.

  commodity在最后一句Teotihuacán obsidian must have beenrecognized as a valuable commodity.

  再来看错误选项为什么错。

  ○ The presence of ahighly stable elite class.

  出自这句话(和答案在同一句):Teotihuacán’s naturalresources, along with the city elite’s ability to recognize their potential,但是大家可以发现并未提到a highly stable.

  ○ Knowledge deriveddirectly from the Olmecs about the art of tool making.

  出自这句话:Moreover, recent research onobsidian tools found at Olmec sites has shown that some of the obsidianobtained by the Olmecs originated near Teotihuacán.

  能够选到这个选项的同学是十分神奇的,甚至是神经的。原文有提到tools但并未提到the art of tool making.

  ○ Scarce naturalresources in nearby areas such as those located in what are now the Guatemalanand Mexican highlands.

  出自这句话:The valley, like many other placesin Mexican and Guatemalan highlands, was rich in obsidian. 和原文相反,因为原文说was rich in obsidian.

  这仅仅是个范例,希望同学们通过每日坚持做题分析,来取得理想的分数。

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